Types of Essays for High School
When going through high school, you will be given essay assignments that have different focuses. It’s important for you to get familiar with the different essay types to excel your high school life. Below are a few most common types of essays you may encounter during high school:
An expository essay gives instructions or directions about completing a particular task, or how something can be done.
- How to snow ski
- How to win an argument
- How to juggle school and work
- How to make new friends
Cause and Effect Essay
A cause and effect essay focuses on a situation or situation and explores the reasons (the cause) and results (the effect) of a particular action.
- The causes and effects for poor grades
- The effects of staying up too late
- The causes and effects of teen depression
A definition essay defines a particular topic both concretely (definition by dictionary) and abstractly (extended definition).
- Best friends (what they are and what they are not)
- Snobs (what they are and how they can be recognized in society)
- Courage (how it is shown by ordinary people in their everyday life)
Comparison or Contrast Essay
A comparison or contrast essay usually shows the similarities as well as differences between two particular topics (people, places, ideas, objects, etc.)
- Two friends you have
- Two movies with similar situations or characteristics
- Compare “knowledge” and “understanding”
- An American car and a foreign car
Argumentative Essay or Pro/Con Essay
In an argumentative essay, you present your personal opinions on a particular subject. In a pro/con essay, your arguments are based on understanding and reasoning.
When composing an argumentative or pro/con essay, you need to:
- Present objections and refute them
- Present points to support your position.
- Should everyone go to college?
- Should women serve in the military?
- Should students have a part time job while in school?
- Should there be censorship on TV?
Literary Analysis Essay
A literary analysis essay usually focuses on the observation of a story, book, play, or poem, etc.
- How the conflict in a literary work is more external than internal
- How symbolism play an important role in a literary work
- The complicated relationship of two characters
Character Analysis Essay
A character analysis essay usually focuses on the observation of a character in a literary work.
- Describe the main character in a literary work
- Why does XYZ’s personality lead her to despair?
- What are the dominant character traits of XYZ in a literary work
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